My NodeMCU arrived so I went right ahead and installed Micropython on it.

nodemcu

Install the Micropython firmware

To copy the firmware onto the board, you can use esptool. It can be installed with pip, so I created a virtualenv for installing it. Esptool requires Python 2.

$ mkvirtualenv -p $(which python2.7) esptool

Install esptool in the virtualenv:

pip install esptool

Plugging in the nodemcu gives me /dev/ttyUSB0.

Erase any existing firmware:

$ esptool.py --port /dev/ttyUSB0 erase_flash

Downloaded the pre-built micropython firmware, then write the firmware to the device:

$ esptool.py --port /dev/ttyUSB0 --baud 460800 write_flash --flash_size=8m -fm dio 0 esp8266-20160809-v1.8.3.bin

Now replug the device (or hit the RST button).

Enter the REPL

I used picocom.

$ picocom -b115200 -ep /dev/ttyUSB0
picocom v2.1

port is        : /dev/ttyUSB0
flowcontrol    : none
baudrate is    : 115200
parity is      : none
databits are   : 8
stopbits are   : 1
escape is      : C-p
local echo is  : no
noinit is      : no
noreset is     : no
nolock is      : no
send_cmd is    : sz -vv
receive_cmd is : rz -vv -E
imap is        :
omap is        :
emap is        : crcrlf,delbs,

Type [C-p] [C-h] to see available commands

Terminal ready

Press enter to see the prompt:

>>>

Notes

Now see

How to copy files to a Micropython device